Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from various linked types of outfits originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by equally sexes. Much more usually, pajamas might refer to quite a few clothes, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of favor and materials.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Corporation rule in India.[eight]
The around the world use of pajamas (the phrase and the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the broader Western globe in the Victorian era. Pajamas were introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell from vogue. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several Other people from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge pidžame in just the pajama pants, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but from the early 20-initial century They can be rather uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from standard pidžame pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pidžame pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they grew to become well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.